Mount Everest Information

Mount Everest Updates

 

 

 

Everest South Face – after Khumbu Icefall

 

 

  • Mount Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepal. It means goddess of the sky. 
  • Mount Everest is called Chomolungma in Tibet. It means mother goddess of the universe.
  • Mount Everest is 29,035 feet or 8848 meters high.
  • The mountain is located in the border of Nepal to the south and China or Tibet on the north.
  • Everest was formed by the movement of the Indian tectonic plate pushing up and against the Asian plate.
  • In mid May or beginning of June each year, the summit window will open up and all climbers will push for the summit.
  • It was first identified for the western world by a British survey team lead by Sir George Everest in 1841. 
  • In 1865, it was named Mount Everest, after Sir George Everest.

 

 

  • In 1955, the height was adjusted to 29,028 feet and is still used by Nepal.
  • Using GPS technology, the summit was measured at 29,035 feet or 8850 meters in 1999.
  • The first attempt was in 1921 by a British expedition from the north (Tibet) side. 
  • The first summit was on May 29, 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal. They climbed from the south side on a British expedition lead by Colonel John Hunt.
  • The first north side summit was on May 25, 1960 by Nawang Gombu (Tibetan) and Chinese climbers Chu Yin-Hau and Wang Fu-zhou.
  • The youngest person to summit was American Jordan Romero, age 13 years 11 months, on May 23, 2010 from the north side.
  • The first climbers to summit Everest without bottled oxygen were Italian Reinhold Messner with Peter Habler in 1978.
  • The youngest male to summit was American Jordan Romero, age 13 years 10 months, on May 23, 2010 from the north side.
  • The oldest male to summit was Japanese Miura Yiuchiro, age 80 on May 23, 2013.
  • “Apa Sherpa” and “Phurba Tashi” both hold the record for most summits (male or female) with 21, the most recent one in 2013.
  • The first woman to summit Everest was Junko Tabei of Japan in 1975. 
  • The oldest woman to summit was Japanese Tamae Watanabe, age 73, in 2012 from the north.
  • The youngest woman to summit was Indian Malavath Purna, 13 years 11 months on May 25, 2014 from the south side. 
  • There have been 7,646 summits of Everest through June 2016 on all routes by 4,469 different people.
  • The Nepal side is more popular with 4,863 summits compared to 2,783 summits from the Tibet side. 
  • 197 climbers summited without supplemental oxygen through June 2016, about 2.5%. 
  • 14 climbers have traversed from one side to the other. 
  • 504 climbers have summited from both Nepal and Tibet. 
  • There are 18 different climbing routes on Everest.
  • It takes 45 days to climb Mt. Everest in order for the body to adjust to the high altitude.
  • There is 66% less oxygen in each breath on the summit of Everest than at sea level.
  • Thin nylon ropes are used to keep climbers from falling.
  • Climbers wear spikes on their boots called crampons.
  • They also use ice axes to help stop a fall. 

 

Fuji Alpine 2

Ice Axe and Crampons

 

  • Thick, puffy suits filled with goose feathers keep climbers warm.
  • Most climbers eat a lot of rice and noodles for food.
  • Almost all climbers use bottled oxygen because it is so high. It helps keep the climbers warm. 

 

Manaslu Expedition

 

  • Climbers start using bottled oxygen at 26,000 feet but it only makes a 3,000 foot difference in how they feel so at 27,000 feet, they feel like they are at 24,000 feet. 
  • You have to be 16 or older to climb from the Nepal side and between 18 and 60 on the Chinese side.
  • The average expedition takes about 45 – 60 days. 
  • Yak is the animal used for transporting food and equipment to Base Camp and Advance Base Camp.

 

YAK

 

  • Sherpa is the name of a people. They mostly live in western Nepal. They migrated from Tibet over the last several hundred years.
  • Sherpa is also used as a last name.
  • Usually their first name is the day of the week they were born. 
    • Nyima – Sunday
    • Dawa – Monday
    • Mingma – Tuesday
    • Lhakpa – Wednesday
    • Phurba – Thursday
    • Pasang – Friday
    • Pemba – Saturday 
  • Sherpas help climbers by carrying tents and cooking food to the High Camps. 
  • Sherpas climb Everest as a job to support their families. 
  • Sherpas can get sick from the altitude like anyone. 
  • Sherpas feel it is disrespectful to stand literally on the tippy top since that is where Miyolangsangma, the Tibetan Goddess of Mountains, lives.
  • Babu Chiri Sherpa spent the night on the summit in 1999. 
  • Apa Sherpa and Phurba Tashi both hold the record for most summits with 21, the most recent one in 2013.
  • Over 33,000 feet of fixed rope is used each year to set the South Col route. 
  • You have to be at least 16 to climb Everest from the south side and 18 from the north.
  • Climbers burn over 10,000 calories each day, double that on the summit climb.
  • Climbers will lose 10 to 20 lbs during the expedition.

 

 

Everest Lhotse from Pumori Advance Base Camp.